Skip links
Start Your OSHA 10 & 30 Courses with a Free Study Guide! Download Now!

OSHA Bathroom Break Laws

In today’s fast-paced work environment, it’s not uncommon for employees to feel pressured to remain at their desks or workstations for extended periods. However, bathroom breaks at work are a basic necessity that shouldn’t be compromised. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recognizes the importance of proper restroom access and has guidelines to protect workers. In this article, we explore OSHA’s regulations on restroom breaks at work and discuss how employers and employees can work together to maintain a healthy and comfortable work environment. 


While OSHA bathroom break requirements offer a broad overview of the key requirements employers have to meet, it does not recommend any particular toilet policies. So, according to OSHA bathroom break requirements, workplaces must draft policies that comply with OSHA standards. Therefore, OSHA mandates employers to:

  • Allow workers to leave their work to use the toilet as needed
  • Ensure the provision of a decent number of washrooms for workers
  • Refrain from putting unreasonable curbs on toilet use
  • Ensure that curbs on restroom use do not cause delays

OSHA Bathroom Break Requirements

OSHA, the federal agency responsible for ensuring the safety and health of America’s workers, addresses restroom access in its sanitation standards (29 CFR 1910.141). These standards outline requirements for employers to provide adequate and sanitary restroom facilities for their employees. OSHA also refers to the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) recommendations to determine the number of toilets required based on the number of employees in a workplace.

Furthermore, OSHA rules on bathroom breaks may vary in different states or localities. Employers must also ensure that their policies comply with all federal antidiscrimination laws. Enrolling in OSHA 10 Hour and OSHA 30 Hour online training courses educates workers about hygiene maintenance and teaches how to appropriately select Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) and other potential site hazards encountered during work hours.

5 Facts About Bathroom Breaks at Work


6 – 7 times

6 or 7 times every 24 hours average usage of bathroom

20 minutes

Average break time is 20 minutes for adults

3 – 4 hours

Average usage of bathroom per day is 3-4 hours

7 breaks

Average bathroom breaks are is around seven

7 gallons

A single toilet uses 7 gallons of water each day

To foster a healthy and productive work environment, employers should adopt the following practices regarding restroom breaks at work:

  • Encourage Open Communication: Employers should create an environment where employees feel comfortable discussing their restroom breaks at work without fear of retribution. Open communication allows for identifying and resolving any issues related to bathroom break laws.
  • Establish Reasonable Break Policies: Employers should establish policies that allow employees to take bathroom breaks at work as needed. While it’s essential to ensure productivity, it’s also crucial to recognize that restroom needs can vary from person to person.
  • Accommodate Employees with Special Needs: Employers should be prepared to accommodate employees with medical conditions or disabilities who may require frequent or more prolonged restroom breaks at work. This may include adjusting work schedules, allowing for additional break time, or providing more accessible restroom facilities.
  • Train Managers and Supervisors: Employers should ensure all managers and supervisors know OSHA’s restroom access guidelines and company policies on restroom breaks at work. This will help prevent potential OSHA violations and ensure employees’ needs are met.
  • Regularly Assess Restroom Facilities: Employers should periodically assess their employees’ bathroom breaks at work to ensure they comply with OSHA restroom break laws and adequately serve the needs of their employees, such as adding more restrooms, improving cleanliness, or upgrading amenities.

Restrictions on Bathroom Breaks at Work

Employers must consider any restrictions that may be applied to employees when complying with OSHA bathroom break requirements. Employers can not impose unreasonable curbs on bathroom breaks at work. 

However, according to OSHA bathroom break requirements, employees abusing bathroom breaks can have severe consequences. As a result, they should spend a reasonable amount of time on restroom breaks at work. A worker’s need for excessive bathroom breaks during work can depend on many reasons. They include fluid intake, air temperature, medical conditions, and medications. However, some common medical conditions require excessive bathroom breaks. They include pregnancy, urinary tract infections, constipation, abdominal pain, diverticulitis, and hemorrhoids. However, restroom breaks frequency can vary from person to person. Therefore, there is no specified schedule or federal laws on bathroom breaks at work.

OSHA Rules on Bathroom Breaks

According to OSHA bathroom break requirements, all restroom facilities to have:

  • Hot and cold running water or lukewarm running water
  • Hand soap or other cleaning agents
  • Individual cloth or paper hand towels
  • Air blowers
  • Employers should conveniently station air blowers and hand towels within the restroom or nearby. So, OSHA restroom break laws mandate the minimum number of toilets employers must provide. We derive that number from the current number of workers.

Restroom Facility According To The Number Of Workers


1 to 15

One toilet for 1 to 15 employees

16 to 35

Two toilets for 16 to 35 employees

36 to 55

Three toilets for 36 to 55 employees

56 to 80

Four toilets for 56 to 80 employees

81 to 110

Five toilets for 81 to 110 employees

111 to 150

Six toilets for 111 to 150 employees


Employees’ Rights and Responsibilities

Employees also have a role in maintaining a healthy work environment concerning restroom breaks at work. They should:

  • Be Aware of Company Policies: Employees should familiarize themselves with their company’s laws on bathroom breaks at work and follow them accordingly.
  • Communicate Their Needs: Employees who require additional or excessive bathroom breaks at work due to a medical condition should inform their employer to discuss accommodations.
  • Practice Good Hygiene: Employees should maintain proper hygiene during bathroom breaks at work, and they also need to wash their hands after using the restroom and keep the facilities clean for others.
  • Report Concerns: Employees should report any concerns about inadequate restroom facilities, unsanitary conditions, or other issues to their employer or OSHA to address the problem.

Bathroom Break Laws for Transgender Workers

According to OSHA bathroom break requirements, employers should allow everyone to use the restroom that matches their gender identity. Therefore, people who identify as men should be able to use men’s restrooms. Consequently, people identifying as women should be able to use women’s restrooms. So, employees should be able to decide the safest and most appropriate toilet to use. Also, men and women should have separate bathrooms. Moreover, other restroom options can include single-occupancy unisex restrooms or multiple-occupancy, gender-neutral facilities with lockable stalls.

OSHA bathroom break requirements also cater to the needs of transgender workers. Workplaces should be mindful of accommodating their transgender workers. Therefore, laws on bathroom breaks at work should give them the respect they deserve. However, it is not acceptable to ask a worker to provide official documents for them to use the toilet facility they feel is most appropriate for them. And employers can not ask workers to use a separate toilet because of their transgender status.


Strategies for Employers to manage Restroom Breaks


Good Hygiene is Good for Business

  • Schedule Regular Breaks

    Schedule Regular Breaks

    Provide generous scheduled bathroom breaks for employees.

  • Implement Flexible Break

    Implement Flexible Break Policies

    Flexibility in fulfilling private needs results in a win-win.

  • Provide Adequate Restroom Facilities

    Provide Adequate Restroom Facilities

    Quality facilities result in a productive work environment.

  • Offer Support and Resources

    Offer Support and Resources

    Always be there to satisfy employees’ personal needs.

There are several common concerns and misconceptions regarding bathroom breaks at work. Let’s address some of these issues to provide a better understanding of OSHA’s guidelines and the importance of restroom breaks at work:

  • The Fear of Lost Productivity: Some employers may worry that allowing employees to take excessive bathroom breaks could lead to decreased productivity. However, studies have shown that providing adequate restroom access and bathroom breaks at work can increase employee satisfaction, improve focus, and better overall performance. Denying employees the opportunity to use the restroom when needed can result in discomfort, decreased morale, and potential health issues.
  • The Myth of “Reasonable” Breaks: It’s crucial to remember that “reasonable” is subjective and can vary from person to person. Age, health conditions, and medication use can impact an individual’s restroom break needs. Employers should be understanding and flexible in accommodating employees’ restroom needs to ensure a comfortable work environment.
  • Employees’ abusing Bathroom Breaks: While some employees may misuse lenient bathroom break policies, most employees understand the importance of balancing their restroom needs with their work responsibilities. But the primary concern is, “Can an employer limit bathroom breaks?”. Well, employees taking 30-minute bathroom breaks can cause severe problems regarding bathroom break laws since bathroom breaks are limited to an individual’s urgent need. Therefore, employers can address potential misuse by encouraging open communication and fostering a culture of trust and accountability.

The Importance of Compliance and Employee Well-being

It is essential to learn the basic rules and regulations of working in an industrial facility to maintain hygiene and prevent the influence of germs, which can lead to diseases and infections. Compliance with OSHA restroom break laws is a legal requirement and an essential aspect of employee well-being. Employers who prioritize adequate restroom access and bathroom breaks at work demonstrate a commitment to the health and comfort of their employees, which can lead to a more positive work environment and increased employee satisfaction.

In a Nutshell

Ensuring proper restroom access and restroom breaks at work is a shared responsibility between employers and employees. Both parties can create a workplace that promotes health, safety, and well-being by adhering to OSHA rules on bathroom breaks, fostering open communication, and providing support. Ultimately, a comfortable and healthy work environment contributes to increased productivity and employee satisfaction, benefiting employees and employers.