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deaths in construction industry

“FATAL FOUR OSHA” Leading Cause of Deaths in the Construction Industry.

With the rising growth, the industry also contains a very high risk of fatal injuries leading to deaths in the construction industry which prompts us to write about fatal four OSHA. With over $1,293 billion in capital spending, the United States is one of the world’s biggest construction markets. Construction ventures that had previously slowed have now resumed their momentum after the recession. Positive developments in the residential sector are the primary drivers of the booming construction sector’s growth. By 2022, new construction is expected to total more than 1.53 trillion US dollars. In the United States, the building industry employed about 11.2 million workers. The building construction industry in the United States is forecast to grow at a 5% CAGR to USD 1,428.5 billion by 2024.

Deaths in the construction industry in 2019 were 1,061. Around 20% of all Occupational deaths in the U.S.A are related to the construction industry. The construction industry hence requires special attention to workplace safety and health protocols. All companies must be in compliance with OSHA guidelines at all times to avoid fatal injuries and violation penalties. With the 80/20 rule, there are fatal four construction-related hazards that result in around 60% of construction-related deaths. In this article, we will focus on eliminating 60% of fatal injuries by emphasizing the fatal four causes of death in the construction industry. A total number of 637 deaths are caused by the Fatal Four type of accidents in the construction industry.

fatal four osha
Worker girl with hat breaks an electric cable.


(1) Fall accidents lead to 36.5% of deaths in the construction industry

Fall is the most leading cause of both fatal and non-fatal injuries in every industry and ranks at the number for our Fatal 4 Category. Employees falling accounted for almost 36.5 percent of all occupational fatalities.  Workers that have fallen due to exposed edges or cracks, poorly built walking or working platforms, workers who have dropped off ladders, floors, scaffolding, massive skyscraper building areas, and so on, all due to a failure to use adequate fall safety, are among those who have been injured. Guardrails, safety nets, harnesses, and other fall protective devices, as well as proper safety preparation, are examples of fall protection equipment. Employers should educate employees on how to detect and prevent fall hazards, and there are several precautions employers should take to further reduce the danger of workplace falls. All companies must comply with OSHA fall Guidelines and compliance training certificates to prevent injuries and violations.

(2) Electrical Hazard leads to 8.5% of deaths in the construction industry

According to OSHA, electrocutions contributed to 8.5 percent of all building site fatalities in a recent year taking number 2 position in our Fatal Four Osha. Since construction requires electrical machinery and ongoing or in-progress electrical work, the chance of electrocution on a construction site is significantly greater than it is elsewhere. OSHA allows building sites to use such precautions, protective devices, signs, and protocols due to the possibility of electrocution. This involves using “Lockout and Tagout” techniques to switch off electrical devices when doing work. Severe injury or death will occur if these precautions are not performed, or if proper protection equipment or signs are not used or abided by.

Electrical injuries and accidents are one of the most costly and complex to treat. They risk permanently destroying the body’s internal electronic pulses, which are used for critical tasks such as heart rhythm maintenance, and causing serious injuries to other major organs. They also placed the patient at risk of lethal infection as a result of skin disruptions, skin graft loss, and procedural modifications. Companies will save money on treating electrical burns by investing in less costly OSHA compliance certificates. Companies will also save their employees by educating and fostering a culture of safe procedures and protocols. These safety measures will help companies to bring down death in the construction industry.

(3) Stuck-By Hazard leads to 8.4% of deaths in the construction industry

According to OSHA, 8.4 % of construction personnel who died in a recent year were injured as they were hit by another object which ranks them at third position for Fatal four OSHA. These deadly incidents included items as small as a power tool rolling off scaffolding and as big as excavators, bulldozers, or other heavy machinery. Many different kinds of severe injuries can occur when a worker is hit by an object. Even if they are wearing hardhats or other protective gear at the time of the crash, workers who are struck by objects falling from a height can sustain a fatal head injury or spinal cord injuries. A worker who is hit by a heavy object of materials or a component of heavy machinery can sustain fatal wounds, crush injuries, or other severe internal organ injuries, in addition to the skull or spinal injuries.

(4) Caught-in/Between Hazard leads to 1.4% of deaths in the construction industry

As per OSHA, laborers who were stuck in or between two things on the job site accounted for 1.4 percent of all deaths in the construction industry ranking at number four in Fatal 4 Osha. This event varied from trench collapses that buried employees to employees being stuck between two moving mechanical devices. Caught-in or caught-between collisions are frequently avoidable by taking extra precautions to ensure the tunnel walls are secured and construction sites are free of all people when moving heavy machinery. When these events happen, the traumatic injury can vary from the brain and spinal cord trauma to asphyxiation, amputation, or bone fractures.

Worker with out safety equipment caught in the machine and seriously injured, other worker is trying to help him


All above Fatal Four OSHA are aspects that can be easily avoided with OSHA compliance training and warning signs. However, employers should train their employees on being more vigilant during performing construction-related tasks. Construction companies should provide all related compliance training to their work in order to avoid fatal injuries and deaths in the Construction industry. Just by focusing on the above four areas, Companies can perform tasks with a lot better safety protocols and save their employees from accidents.


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